Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP) is a cat virus of the Corona virus strain. Most of these strains, when newly infected, have few typical symptoms.
Symptoms appear only when the virus attacks the white blood cells and after spreading throughout the body: the peritoneum, kidneys, brain will then have an intense inflammatory reaction occurring around the blood vessels of the blood vessels. tissue infected by a virus, due to the interaction of the body’s immune system with the virus in the tissues, in a manner similar to a cell-mediated immune response.
This is a specific pathogen unlike a virus that causes disease in other animals. When the disease reaches the terminal stage, it is almost fatal.
Subjects infected with FIP: Cats of all ages, when infected with Corona virus, may be at risk of developing FIP.
In addition, cats with weak immune systems such as kittens, cats with leukemia virus (FeLV) and elderly cats are also at risk of infection. Most FIP viruses develop in cats younger than 2 years old, but cats of any age can still become infected.
The way FIP spreads
FIP is not a very contagious disease, even in the clinical course of the cat, but only a small amount of the virus is produced.
Virus is found in larger amounts in cat saliva and feces during acute infection. It is spread by direct contact with other cats or by contact with feces and saliva.
Viruses can live in normal environments for several weeks. Infection and infection of a mother cat is the most contagious route, usually when the kitten is about five or eight weeks old.
The disease is related to the breed, stocking density and breed of the cat. It may be hereditary, but it’s still not clearly proven.
Clinical symptoms of FIP
Cats that are initially exposed to the virus often have no obvious symptoms. Some have displayed mild respiratory symptoms such as sneezing, watery eyes, and runny nose.
Others may experience mild bowel disease with symptoms such as diarrhea, but only in a small percentage. Cats that are infected with the virus can occur weeks, months, or even years after initial exposure.
When cats are infected and the virus has developed, symptoms can appear unexpectedly (since cats have a very high degree of concealment until they are in the most serious condition that the owner has discovered). When symptoms appear, they usually go away with a gradual increase in about a few weeks and end with death.
There are two main forms of FIP
Typical form: Characterized by accumulation of fluid in the abdomen, or chest (but less). Cats may have symptoms similar to atypical forms: weight loss, fever, loss of appetite, and lethargy.
But the progression is usually rapid, as a cat suddenly bloates due to a buildup of fluid in the abdomen. Too much fluid can cause respiratory failure. FIP is difficult to diagnose because each cat may display different symptoms and the symptoms resemble many other diseases.
Atypical form: this form does not show hidden within. Your cat will not manifest more clearly later than typical form, symptoms include chronic weight loss, depression, anemia, and persistent fever that cannot be treated with birth control.
Lesson 2: How to prevent and treat FIP in cats?